Sunday Project: Upgrade Hard Drive for Windows 10

“It’s been a long time…”

– Jimmy Page [Led Zeppelin]

It’s been too long since my last post.

Well, my wife’s laptop started getting the popup to reserve her copy of Windows 10 so I thought I’d spend a Sunday doing the upgrade.  The problem was that the hard drive in her laptop was just about full.  The laptop was a few years old and the drive (120GB) which might have been enough when it was new just wasn’t making the cut lately.

To be honest with her birthday coming up next month it’s about time to get her a new laptop.

Anyway, I needed to replace the original hard drive with a larger one so I could 1) complete the Windows 10 upgrade and 2) giver her some breathing room for a while.

The upgrade from Windows 7 to Windows 10 is pretty straight forward and well documented so I’m not going to focus on that.  Instead I’m focused on the process of cloning her hard drive to the bigger drive.

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Windows 10 – Just Around the Corner

Well, release day is the day after tomorrow!

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PowerShell – Archive all Task Sequences to XML with Index

We’ve amassed a very large number of task sequences since migrating to Configuration Manager 2012 and it got me thinking about ways to archive off older sequences so that we can clean house.  So I came up with this script.

The script will first collect all of the task sequences in your site.  Next it will enumerate through them, write the sequence to an XML named after the task sequence ID and finally create a CSV index of the TSID, task sequence name, the last modified date of the sequence and when the sequence was backed up.

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My Experience with a Microsoft Online Proctored Exam

This morning I sat for the Microsoft 70-689 exam (Upgrading your Skills to MCSA Windows 8).  For this exam I decided to give the new offering of taking the exam online as opposed to driving out to a testing center.

[With 2015 Microsoft changed testing partners here in the US and they began to offer the ability to sit for your exam and take it online.]

This was new to me but I thought I’d give it a try at least and see if it would be a method I would use again.

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SCCM 2012 Client Install Fails on Windows 10 Build 10061 OS Deployment

Ran into a problem deploying build 10061 using SCCM 2012 R2.  It would get as far as the standard “Setup Windows and ConfigMgr” action, reboot into the full OS and fail to continue the OSD task sequence.  My test machine would join the domain and I could log in, but it was as if it just got bored and gave up on running the rest of the task sequence.

I would open up Control Panel and there would not be a Configuration Manager applet.  The client folder (C:\Windows\CCM) didn’t exist either.

So, I checked the CCMSETUP.log file and found that the client was failing to install.CCMSETUPlogClip

Did some searching and ran across this posting by Jörgen Nilsson.  This was my exact problem.

The workaround is to skip the Windows Update Agent installation.  So in my task sequence I added an ” /skipprereq:windowsupdateagent30-x64.exe” to the Installation Properties:CM12ClientInstall

And now I’m off and running.

Updated Windows 10 ISO Creation Script

Several weeks ago Johan Arwidmark published an article about creating a Windows 10 ISO using the install.esd file generated from the upgrade process.  He also included a PowerShell script to automate the process.  His article can be found here.

I’ve used this a number of times and it works wonderfully.  Call me odd, but I have a set of 4 virtual machines that I use simply to generate the ISOs and installation source files.  I have a pair of Windows 10 Professional (32bit and 64bit) and a pair of Windows 10 Enterprise (32bit and 64bit) VMs.  I use the Professional SKU in my lab and the Enterprise SKU for testing at work.

I modified Johan’s original script to automate some “branding” of the process.  For example, the ISO generated includes the build number, SKU and architecture.  When a new build is released to the Fast Ring my VMs update and then I just run this script.  The script determines what build, SKU and architecture the VM is running and generates a unique name for the ISO as well as the parent folder that also contains the contents of the ISO.

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Running Data DeDuplication on Hyper-V Hosts with PowerShell

First off, I want to thank Johan Arwidmark for the core code used in my script.  His blog posting can be found here.

Disk space is tight on my development VM host, very tight.  You cannot get too many VMs running on just 256GB.  So, I decided I’d make the switch to running Hyper-V on Server 2012 R2 and take advantage of Data DeDuplication.  Johan speaks highly of it, so I thought I would give it a try.

On my 2 hosts I have 8 VMs running on each and after DeDuplication I have plenty of disk space for more.

They say a picture is worth a thousand words….

DeDupe_01b

I have 8 virtual machines in this folder.  With DeDupe I am able to store 270GB of VMs in less than 6GB of space.

I put together this script to process the drive.  It automatically shuts down any running VMs, processes the DeDuplication and then starts the VMs that it shut down back up.

# Shut down all running VMs and then process deduplication
$AllVMs = Get-VM | Where {$_.State -eq 'Running'}

FOREACH ($VM in $AllVMs)
 {
 Write-Host Shutting down $VM.Name
 Stop-VM -Name $VM.Name
 }

# Execute the Dedupe jobs
Start-DedupJob -Type Optimization -Memory 75 -Priority High -Volume D: -Wait
Start-DedupJob -Type GarbageCollection -Full -Memory 75 -Priority High -Volume D: -Wait
Start-DedupJob -Type Scrubbing -Full -Memory 75 -Priority High -Volume D: -Wait

# Restart the VMs that had been running
FOREACH ($VM in $AllVMs)
 {
 Write-Host Starting up $VM.Name
 Start-VM -Name $VM.Name
 }

When disk space starts to get a little cramped I run this script. I give it some time to run and when it is finished I have the space I need.

Upgrade Failure: Windows 10 10049 Using SCCM 2012 R2

I’ve been working on integrating Windows 10 into our environment and ran across a couple of issues learning opportunities while doing so.

Upgrading from 9926 to 10049

First off I hit a snag attempting to upgrade my test machines from build 9926 to build 10049.  The SCCM Team published a blog article back in October of last year on how to use a task sequence to upgrade a client to Windows 10.  You can find the article here.   A couple of weeks ago I had the opportunity to work with Paul Winstanley (SCCMentor and WMUG author) on a live blog he was writing on upgrading from one build to another using this method.  In the lab environment it worked wonderfully, but when I tried it outside of the lab it failed every time in my environment.

Now, your first question might be along the lines of, “Why are you upgrading builds like that?”  That is a good question.  I cannot use Windows Update to upgrade my machines as new builds come out because the company I work for uses a combination of Group Policy and SCCM client policies to block access to WU and use WSUS/SCCM as the source for all of our updates.  So I have to upgrade builds outside of the native process, hence using the task sequence in SCCM to perform the upgrade.

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SCCM 2012 R2 – PowerShell Export-CMTaskSequence Fails (Broken by CU1)

This was an old problem that I first ran into last Spring and I gave up after getting nowhere.  I had forgotten all about it until this morning when a friend and fellow SCCM warrior Paul Winstanley wrote and asked me about it as he was getting the same failure.  (Check out his writings here and here.)

First, some background…

Back in May 2014 I was having problems getting the Export-CMDriverPackage and Export-CMTaskSequence PowerShell cmdlets working.  At the time I was looking for a way to easily move content from our development site to our production site.

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OSD Migration – Windows 10 9926 to 10041 using SCCM 2012 R2

Last week ConfigMgr blogger and Twitter friend Paul Winstanley ran a live blog detailing the process of using SCCM 2012 to upgrade an existing Windows 10 machine from one build (build 9926) to the next (build 10041).

Paul is a number of time zones ahead of me so he had a good head start when I tuned in Tuesday morning.  We both ran into a bit of a stumbling block when our upgrades failed.

Win10-inplace-013

While Paul ran into this error upgrading 9926 to 10041, I received the same error attempting to upgrade Windows 8.1 to Windows 10 (9926).

In both of our cases the error was triggered by a mismatch of our original OS with the intended OS we were trying to upgrade to.  Specifically in my case I was starting with the evaluation version of Windows 8.1 from the TechNet Evaluation Center, so the SKU of my Windows 8.1 machine was “EnterpriseEval” while the Windows 10 SKU was “Enterprise“.  This mismatch triggered the error.

While I was troubleshooting the failure I started to document the process of setting this all up in my lab and I decided to share it for others who might be interested in giving this a try.

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